Nixon was just plain evil to a whole generation of college students, especially maybe some college males whose collective ass was in a crack over the draft and the war in Vietnam. Nixon had campaigned on "a secret plan" to end the war, but war-ending under Nixon looked a whole lot like war expansion. At 9 pm on April 29, 1970, President Nixon went on all three networks (yes, children, the world was much narrower back then) and announced that he was invading Cambodia.
College campuses erupted in a geyser of rage. Demonstrations broke out on many a quad; some 500 colleges simply shut down altogether. Among many other serious consequences, four died from National Guard gunfire at Kent State University. The University of Utah was calmer. Someone set fire to an old wooden-frame structure in the middle of campus, but it had been abandoned and scheduled for demolition anyway.
Other serious consequences?
Nixon's popularity went up. Campus ruction in all its extremes in fact guaranteed Nixon's reelection in 1972. We had fired the first gun in the "culture wars," with all its generational conflict and "out-there" rebellion against social norms. We started the war, and we immediately began to lose every skirmish. Our bad press was their good fortune. But families also split apart. Kids ran off to anywhere and shortened their lives. No restraints, no walls, no regrets. That's a lie. There were regrets aplenty. It was bad.
In a noisy time, I had no ears for Nixon.
My ears have been opened by Evan Thomas's Being Nixon: A Man Divided, published a couple of years ago. I just now picked it up, and I repent.
Nixon could be -- often was -- awkward in public, socially retarded, incapable of displaying love or empathy, and inappropriately tone-deaf. But it wasn't because of any inner sociopath. Nixon empathized. He actually cared more about black life in America and had an impulse to help black people perhaps superior to that of the Kennedys.
Shortly after the Cambodian Incursion TV speech, Nixon off-handedly called college protesters "bums" --Nixon was known for lashing out when he felt criticized -- and the bums obliged him by calling for a big protest -- the biggest ever -- in Washington, D.C., outside the White House for Saturday, May 9th. "The March on Washington."
The Republicans made a moat of big city buses, parked nose-to-tail so no mother's son could get between them, all around the acres of White House grounds. Troops from the Third Army bivouacked in the Executive Office Building. The city locked down, bracing for the worst, while thousands of hippies and wannabes began gathering at the Lincoln Memorial on the Friday eve of the big march.
In the White House, Nixon was in an agony. On the one hand, he was belligerent and shadow-boxing any foe. On the other, he was also agonizing over the Cambodian decision and his hurt from knowing he was the bogieman of an entire generation. He may have had a Scotch. One drink could make Nixon loopy (a word Haldeman used to describe him in his diary on at least one occasion), and he had not been sleeping at all. What he did next can seem crazy but also courageous and empathetic.
|Nixon at the Lincoln Memorial,|
May 9, 1970
I think he did know something about how they felt ... because of his own childhood and family, the knocks he'd taken, the losses he'd suffered. But he didn't win the young guys over. They thought he was crazy and -- worse-- irrelevant. Rebuffed at the Memorial, Nixon also immediately took a beating in much of the press, when it got wind of his early-morning expedition: "a bizarre pilgrimage," "a trip to futility," "rappin' with the kids" ... was he drunk?
I see humanity in him that I totally missed at the time. He did not toss paper towels at disaster victims because he couldn't care less what happened to them. He drove down where they were and got out of his car and shed his bubble to reach out and try to talk. The fact he didn't succeed is irrelevant to me.
For the Record: Nixon's Accomplishments
He signed the extension of the Voting Rights Act.
He signed the Clean Air Act.
He signed the Water Pollution Control Act and legislation establishing the Environmental Protection Agency and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).
He established an Office of Consumer Affairs in the White House and was more aggressive about consumer protections than some Democratic presidents.
He expanded the National Park system.
He signed the legislation that created Amtrak, the Rail Passenger Service Act.
He signed the bill that eliminated the Selective Service.
He began the federal war on cancer.
He expanded Social Security and Medicare faster than inflation.
If he hadn't been driven from office, he might have gotten universal health care as well. He had proposed a massive health care reform in 1974, but Sen. Edward Kennedy and the Democrats running Congress blocked him.